I'm not sure if the holiday is celebrating this crustacean for its' longevity or its' delicious taste.
Don't forget the drawn butter
June 15, 1960 -
The Apartment, starring Jack Lemmon and Shirley MacLaine, opened in New York on this date. This is the film Billy Wilder completed after his smash hit Some Like It Hot.
Billy Wilder originally thought of the idea for the film after seeing Brief Encounter and wondering about the plight of a character unseen in that film. Shirley MacLaine was only given forty pages of the script because Wilder didn't want her to know how the story would turn out. She thought it was because the script wasn't finished.
June 15, 1967 -
The WWII adventure film, The Dirty Dozen, premiered on this date.
Lee Marvin referred to this movie as "crap" and "just a dummy moneymaker", although he enjoyed the film. The movie has nothing to do with war, he stressed, and he was very pleased that he got to do The Big Red One, which mirrored his own wartime experiences.
June 15, 1990 -
Warren Beatty's take on the comic strip detective, Dick Tracy, opened on this date.
A 135 minute version of the film exists as confirmed by Warren Beatty in an interview in 2002. He was forced to cut the film to the current 105 minute version at the insistence of then chairman of The Walt Disney Studios' Jeffrey Katzenberg, prior to the release.
June 15, 1994 -
Disney's 32nd animated feature, The Lion King, opened in limited release in the US on this date.
Despite repeated allegations of plagiarism of the Tezuka Productions' TV series Kimba the White Lion, it appears just to be co-incidental.
Today in History:
June 15, 1215 -
King John was forced by all the English Barons to sign the Magna Carta, which asserted the supremacy of the law over the king, at Runnymede, England on this date.
The Magna Carta, Latin for “Great Charter”, set down rights that became part of English law. These rights are now the foundation of the constitution of every English speaking nation, and included the right of a jury trial, protection of private property, limits on taxation and certain religious freedom.
June 15, 1330 -
Please take notes, this will be on the test:
King Edward III was a famous English king, celebrated for his invention of manners and discovery of the economy. He played tennis, and once famously rebuked the King of France for having sent him his balls in a box.
King Edward established the Order of the Garter because he was what English nobles referred to as a "leg man." (It was he who also famously remarked, Honi soit qui mal y pense, or Honey, show us some cheesecake.)
King Edward had many sons, one of whom was born on June 15, 1330. This son he named Prince Edward. Though white at birth, he eventually became England's first Black Prince.
By now he had become the Black Prince.
In recognition of his prowess, the Black Prince was made the ruler of Aquitaine in 1362. When some of the French rebelled at Limoges in 1370, he had all 3000 inhabitants killed. This resulted in peace. The Black Prince died before he could succeed to the throne, thereby losing the opportunity to become England's first Black King.
Edward and Joan had two children. One was Edward, who died in infancy and was therefore ineligible to be king. The other was Richard, also known as Richard II, who succeeded to the throne only to abdicate in favor of Henry IV, Part 1. Following Henry IV Parts 1 and 2 came Henry V, then Henry VI parts 1, 2 and 3, and then finally Richard III.
They kept William Shakespeare busy for many years.
June 15, 1409 -
Petros Philargos was elected Pope Alexander V by the Council of Pisa on this date. This poses a certain amount of difficulty and increased the amount of Papal Bull, as there already is a Pope in Rome, Gregory XII, and another in Avignon, Benedict XIII. Ultimately, none of the three is willing to step down, leading the Church into a double schism.
This made papal dispensations a drug on the market.
On June 15, 1520, Pope Leo X (no relation to Malcolm or the Generation) excommunicated Martin Luther with a papal bull.
Dr. Jean-Baptiste Denys, the personal physician to Louis XIV, performed the first blood transfusion in history on June 15,1667. He performed the transfusion on a fifteen year old boy, using blood from a sheep.
June 15, 1752 -
Benjamin Franklin and his son tested the relationship between electricity and lightning by flying a kite in a thunder storm on this date. There is no record on how much the Franklins drank earlier that day.
This now proved the famous theory that lightning is some powerful sh*t.
June 15, 1785 -
Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier died during an attempted crossing of the English Channel when his balloon, a combination hydrogen and hot air balloon, exploded on this date.
The General Slocum worked as a passenger ship, taking people on excursions around New York City. On June 15, 1904, the ship had been chartered for $350 by the St. Mark's Evangelical Lutheran Church in the German district Little Germany, Manhattan. This was an annual rite for the group, which had made the trip for 17 consecutive years. Over 1,300 passengers, mostly women and children, boarded the General Slocum. It was to sail up the East River and then eastward across Long Island Sound to Locust Grove, a picnic site in Eatons Neck, Long Island. It caught fire and burned to the water line in New York's East River.
More than 1,000 people died in the accident, making it New York City's worst loss-of-life disaster until the September 11, 2001 attacks.
June 15, 1955 -
The Eisenhower administration stages the first annual OPAL exercise targeting 55 cities in the continental United States, plus 6 in its territories. In the Operation Alert drill, air raid sirens blare across America to assess our preparations for a nuclear attack.
Not everyone was compliant - Arrests for nonparticipation in New York City included 28 pacifists, included Catholic Worker Dorothy Day, staged a sit-down demonstration in City Hall Park. Police also arrested a pedestrian who refused to go into a shelter in Harlem and a truck driver who would not leave his truck in Bedford-Stuyvesant.
Duck and cover, people.
And so it goes.